The information obtained by the pretrial services officer or probation officer will be used to help a judge decide whether to release the defendant into the community before trial and whether to impose conditions of release.
After a person is arrested, a pretrial services officer or probation officer of the court immediately interviews the defendant and conducts an investigation of the defendants background.
Fill in the gaps with the proper articles and pronounses where necessary. A second method of discovery is the "interrogatory", which is a written question from one party to another that must be answered under oath.
In a deposition, a witness is required to answer under oath questions about the case asked by the lawyers in the presence of a court reporter.
Misdemeanor offenses are less serious and may be punished by up to one year in prison.
Felony offenses are the most serious crimes and may be punished by more than one year in prison. Defendants released into the community before trial may be required to obey certain restrictions, such as home confinement or drug testing, and to make periodic reports to a pretrial services officer to ensure appearance at trial. In all these types of appointments, the attorney who represents the defendant is paid by the court from funds appropriated to the judiciary by Congress. If a case is tried before a jury, the judge will instruct the jury on what the law is and will tell the jury what facts and issues it must resolve. At the conclusion of the evidence, each side gives a closing argument. As a result, litigants often decide to resolve a civil lawsuit with an agreement known as a "settlement". Most judges conduct settlement conferences with the parties, and they may refer a case to a trained mediator or arbitrator to facilitate an agreement. is (are) absent for the reason of his\her\their duty\ilness. In a civil case, the burden of proof lies with the plaintiff, who must convince the jury (or the judge if there is no jury) by a "preponderance of the evidence", i.e., that it is more likely than not that the defendant is legally responsible for any harm that the plaintiff has suffered. If the case is tried by a judge without a jury, the judge will decide both the facts and the law in the case. The court plays no role in criminal investigations. Criminal investigations are conducted by the Department of Justice and other law enforcement agencies, which are both part of the executive branch.