The tusk's weight was, however, exceeded by the weight of a shorter tusk of about 6 ft (1.8 m) in length which weighed 100 lb (45 kg).
Skin colour is usually grey, and may be masked by soil because of dusting and wallowing.
In zoos, Asian elephants die at a much younger age; captive populations are declining due to a low birth and high death rate. borneensis lives in northern Borneo and is smaller than all the other subspecies, but with larger ears, a longer tail, and straight tusks.
Female captive elephants have lived beyond 60 years when kept in semi-natural surroundings, such as forest camps.
The "proboscis" or trunk consists wholly of muscular and membranous tissue, and is a tapering muscular structure of nearly circular cross-section extending proximally from attachment at the anterior nasal orifice, and ending distally in a tip or finger.
The length may vary from 1.5 to 2 m (59 to 79 in) or longer depending on the species and age.The acute sense of smell uses both the trunk and Jacobson's organ.Elephants use their trunks for breathing, watering, feeding, touching, dusting, sound production and communication, washing, pinching, grasping, defense and offense.Their wrinkled skin is movable and contains many nerve centers.It is smoother than that of African elephants, and may be depigmented on the trunk, ears, or neck.It was also released on the streaming channel in January; her Netflix talk show is set to begin in May.She was recently involved in a public feud with former co-worker Heather Mc Donald who had said during a podcast she 'lived in fear' while working for Handler on the now defunct E! The trunk contains as many as 60,000 muscles, which consist of longitudinal and radiating sets.The longitudinals are mostly superficial and subdivided into anterior, lateral, and posterior.Some males may also lack tusks; these individuals are called "filsy makhnas", and are especially common among the Sri Lankan elephant population.Furthermore, the forehead has two hemispherical bulges, unlike the flat front of the African elephant.