Articles in some news media have made this error; for example, a column about street cleanliness near the University of Pittsburgh used the term "South Oakland" to describe an area entirely within the boundaries of Central Oakland.
The difference is largely because the area between Forbes Avenue and the Boulevard of the Allies houses many undergraduate students.
The neighborhood is split between a riverfront flood plain to the southwest and a plateau to the northeast.
The plateau is divided into two primarily residential areas which are separated from one another by Bates Street, which runs up a valley from the flood plain to the plateau.
The name first appeared in 1839 in a local paper, Harris' Intelligencer.
The area got its name from the abundance of oak trees found on the farm of William Eichenbaum, who settled there in 1840.
Oakland is home to the Schenley Farms National Historic District which encompasses two city designated historic districts: the mostly residential Schenley Farms Historic District and the predominantly institutional Oakland Civic Center Historic District. Each section has a unique identity, and offers its own flavor of venues and housing.
It is also home to the locally designated Oakland Square Historic District. Oakland is Pittsburgh's second most populated neighborhood with 22,210 residents, a majority of these residents being students.
However, the border between Central Oakland and South Oakland is further south than they believe.
The area between Forbes Avenue and Boulevard of the Allies is officially part of Central Oakland.