The modern state of Indonesia had its beginnings in outposts established by the Dutch East India Company in the early seventeenth century.By the 1830s, the modern Dutch colonial state was founded.
The modern state of Indonesia had its beginnings in outposts established by the Dutch East India Company in the early seventeenth century.By the 1830s, the modern Dutch colonial state was founded.Organized in cooperation with the Federal Ministry of Defence, Germany, NITEC18 conference will bring together over 600 senior government, military and industry leaders, as well as defence and security experts. A specific panel and workshop will discuss a new framework that aims to facilitate collaboration, as well as specific areas in which NATO will be seeking to boost cooperation.
Senior Industry leaders will hold a high level panel to discuss how NATO and Nations can benefit from Industry experience in securing what is a strategic asset – the competition for tech talent.
By one estimate, there are more than 250 distinct cultural groups (sukus) in Indonesia.
Sukarno was president of Indonesia from 1949 to 1967 when he was removed from office after a coup d'état led by Suharto.
Under the thirty years of General's Suharto's "New Order," Indonesia became a favored destination for foreign investment and a major regional power. Habibie assumed control and promised to hold elections within a year.
The Moluccas: Non-Austronesian—Ternatans; Tidorese; and in northern Halmahera, the Tobelorese, Galelarese, and other small groups; Austronesian—in southern Halmahera, small language-groups such as Sawai; in the southern islands, the Tanimbarese, Aru, and Kei; the most important culture in the central islands is Ambonese.
Irian Jaya: Austronesian languages are spoken along the north and west coasts, while Papuan languages are spoken elsewhere (e.g., Asmat and Dani).Otherwise the tongues spoken in Indonesia belong to several branches of the Austronesian language family.This language family includes the closely related languages of Madagascar, Malaysia, and the Philippines.Political problems and unrest resulted in Suharto's resignation in May 1998. In the Indonesian national language, the usual expression for homeland, Tanah Air Kita, translates as "Our Land and Water." This phrase expresses the central fact of Indonesia's geography: the country consists of more than 17,000 islands.Of these, 6,000 are permanently inhabited (the total land area equals that of Mexico).Chinese: numbering 4 million, they form the most important "nonindigenous" group (though most have resided in Indonesia for generations).Naming practices vary from ethnic group to ethnic group as well as across class and religious lines.The Indonesian republic strives to preserve each suku's distinctive heritage within a modern national culture.Its motto, Bhinneka Tunggal Ika, is an Old Javanese expression meaning "The Many Are One." The Indonesian archipelago (chain of islands), crossed by major trade routes, has long been a prime source of spices.They speak as many as 700 mutually unintelligible languages (the language spoken by any given group is not understood by the others), and represent a wide range of physical types.As one moves outward from the national capital, Jakarta, into the rural areas, ethnic group affiliation determines more and more of one's identity and way of life.