And that presumably a major role of Senior Staff Engineer Hatheway was ensuring the AMS control console computer program controlled the AMS C-14 dating process:"The first sample run was OX1 [oxalic acid standard]. Each run consisted of a 10 second measurement of the carbon-13 current and a 50 second measurement of the carbon-14 counts.This is repeated nine more times and an average carbon-14/carbon-13 ratio calculated.Ramsey gave the misleading impression was little more than a calculator:"The software was very simple just outputting counts of 14C and currents measured.
And that presumably a major role of Senior Staff Engineer Hatheway was ensuring the AMS control console computer program controlled the AMS C-14 dating process:"The first sample run was OX1 [oxalic acid standard]. Each run consisted of a 10 second measurement of the carbon-13 current and a 50 second measurement of the carbon-14 counts.
The result was the VAX architecture, where VAX stands for Virtual Address e Xtension (from 16 to 32 bits).
The first computer to use a VAX CPU was the VAX-11/780, which DEC referred to as a superminicomputer.
Emphases are mine unless otherwise indicated.[Index] [Previous: "13th-12th centuries: Shroud's 1260-1390 radiocarbon date is against the preponderance of the evidence (1)" #8] [Next: "Vignon markings: Shroud's 1260-1390 radiocarbon date is against the preponderance of the evidence (2)" #10]Continuing with tracing the steps in the development of my radiocarbon dating of the Shroud hacker theory in my early 2014 posts (last three): "Were the radiocarbon dating laboratories duped by a computer hacker? : Revised #1" and now "Were the radiocarbon dating laboratories duped by a computer hacker? Age calculation was done offline and could just be done with a calculator, or by a simple program into which you typed the numbers from the AMS."that the AMS control console computer in the Arizona University's radiocarbon dating laboratory was little more than a calculator.
Which [Right (enlarge): Arizona radiocarbon laboratory's AMS control console `computer' (actually VT-100 terminal to that computer) just after it had displayed on its screen the uncalibrated `radiocarbon date of the Shroud', which was then calibrated to "1350 AD".
We agree not to communicate the results to anyone-spouse, children, friends, press, etc., until that time when results are generally available to the public." It had been signed by D J Donahue, Brad Gore, L J Toolin, P E Damon, Timothy Jull and ART HATHEWAY, all connected with the Arizona AMS facility, before I signed.
My signature was followed by T W Linick and P J Sercel, also from the Arizona facility".[It was significant - see 17May15 where Koch's death was between 23 and , and police publicly identified his burnt body as Karl Koch on 3 June 1989, the day before Linick's `suicide' on 4 June 1989! "He was involved with the KGB scandal that involved hackers being bought by drugs in exchange for breaking into key NATO and corporate installations ... His charred body was found by the police on 1 June. Koch, of Hanover, West Germany, died Friday, June 3 . So 3 June is evidently when the police publicly identified the body as Koch.]I then Googled the names of other signatories to the 1989 Nature paper but found no other untimely deaths. 4 `The Nerds Who Played With Fire'," The Psychedelic Dungeon, 15 September 2010. I am an Australian evangelical Christian in my 70s. Ramsey gave the misleading impression in his email to the anti-authenticist Editor of the British Society for the Turin Shroud Newsletter, Hugh Farey posted on March 10, 2014 to Dan Porter's now closed blog:"Yes – I agree with all that Tim says.I am persuaded by the evidence that the Shroud of Turin is the burial sheet of Jesus Christ and bears His crucified and resurrected image. This would seem to be a suggestion from someone who does not know what computers were like in the 1980s [false - see 22Nov16].But it is a FACT that the KGB did CONSPIRE with hackers, notably Karl Koch, of whose death Wikipedia notes that, "there is little evidence supporting suicide and many believe that Koch was killed in order to keep him from confessing more to the authorities". The conclusion of a new trial," The Catholic Counter-Reformation in the 21st Century, 27 March. And it is a FACT that the KGB did CONSPIRE with hacker Markus Hess whom Clifford Stoll caught. A Google search on "Art Hatheway Arizona" (without quotes) had [Left (enlarge): Grave of "Arthur Loyal Hathaway" (1940-2008), East Lawn Palms Cemetery, Tucson Arizona.On 4 December 2015 I received an anonymous comment under my 31Mar14 post: I responded that I was not alleging that Hatheway was a hacker but included him to indicate the "high level of sophistication of the Arizona C-14 lab's computers." I ended my response with, "Have you any information you can give me on this? There must be many people out there who knew Linick or Koch (see below) and I am always hopeful that at least one of them will provide me with more information about one of them in support of my hacker theory.]turned up an obituary of an "Arthur Loyal Hatheway" who was "Senior Staff Engineer at the AMS Lab in the Physics Department at U of A." and a "computer programmer":"Arthur Loyal Hatheway Obituary HATHEWAY, Arthur Loyal, born in Los Angeles on March 26, 1940 to Philip and Pauline Hatheway, went suddenly to Jesus on October 11, 2008 ...This is part #9, "VT-100 terminal to a DEC mini-computer, Timothy Linick and Karl Koch," in my "Steps in the development of my radiocarbon dating of the Turin Shroud hacker theory," series. Arizona laboratory's "control console computer" was a VT-100 terminal Further to my post, "Were the radiocarbon dating laboratories duped by a computer hacker? In the case of Oxford the AMS had no connection to any network (and indeed even today our AMS control computers have no network connections).For more information about this series see part #1, "Hacking an explanation & Index." References "[A]", etc., will be to that part of my original post. Christopher Ramsey," "Were the radiocarbon dating laboratories duped by a computer hacker? The software was very simple just outputting counts of 14C and currents measured.